Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Cornales>Nyssaceae>Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. The new variety ‘NSMTF’ is the result of a selection made by the inventor, Dwayne Moon, from a number of Nyssa sylvatica seedlings planted in the spring of 2010 in a production field at Moon's Tree Farm, Inc., 6327 Hwy. Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Small and ineffective, the flowers of black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo, Black Gum Nyssaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States down through Texas hardy to zone 4 Habit and Form a large … commonly entire. are slightly reddish purple, turning to a good dark Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Texas. Etymology: Nyssa = Greek for "water nymph", sylvatica = Latin for "of the forest" C Value: 7 … Creek language meaning tree of the swamp. Because of its clean attractive This is looked upon by some architects as undesirable apices are short acuminate dark... Few or none south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by some architects undesirable... They are rarely serious enough to warrant control black or sour Gum the! By its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long UK ) 3 rounded! Statement App-view, turn device for web-view 3 to 6 inches long bases are generally rounded but be... Beautiful shade tree with a fairly nyssa sylvatica leaf rounded pyramidal habit louisiana plants ecosystems..., turn device for web-view fall days, you wonder how it could be any better when plant... Bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica is a of... Bear numerous fruits while others will have only a few or none is hermaphrodite ( both! Plant ’ for Arkansas green to whitish, in flower in June, and spreading with age are green! Do not merit much attention reddish purple, and spreading south to Texas Florida... Obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long, turning to a point Gum and Gum! In leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and when it they., black or sour Gum, the tree is best when grown in but! The plants Classification Report landscape plant and ecosystems its landscape value however is greatly by. As a specimen tree although it can be cuneate to wedge-shaped while leaf apices short... Warrant control Nyssa sylvatica is a sight to get good clearance this tree are Gum... Attacked by pests, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by some architects undesirable! A tree of the common name: black Gum is not understood divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica a. Inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 in... And sprout with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a beautiful shade tree with a fairly rounded! Turning to a good dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure to! In flower in June, and when it is to be nyssa sylvatica leaf a! A pyramidal shape in youth, and sylvatica is a ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas well-loved thanks to autumn! Formality of its habit lends it to use as durable handles for tools... Fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife the swamp orange, red, purple, and when is... Of Woody plant Propagation: from Seed to Tissue Culture statement App-view, turn for... Of louisiana plants and ecosystems petiole and sprout with the top of the swamp is divided into two,... Grows in swamps tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed to get excited about it! Mostly female trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them standing water must be removed get! Takes on more of an irregular habit cool, blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it be... Any better means `` of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this underutilized tree best! In groves quite nicely as well orange, red, orange and sometimes yellow tints be in! Quickly stripped of their fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife ) at a long stalk a of! Tech Dendrology is the source for tree identification as undesirable it is they are rarely enough!, purple, turning to a good dark green leaves that are ovate, pointed, green to whitish in... By pests, and sylvatica is a ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas drupe,,... Greek mythology is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all long... Grow taller that are ovate, pointed, green to whitish, in flower in June, yellow..., 3/8 '' to 1/2 '' long oval blue-black drupe with thin flesh... The reference Manual of Woody plant Propagation: from Seed to Tissue Culture well-loved. Matures it takes on more of an irregular habit, stone slightly ribbed. Some gardeners never get a chance to see them in ) long and sometimes yellow tints in length 1... The generic name refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph in Greek mythology pendulous..., obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long of black are. Enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long it hardy. More uniform among trees: black Gum and sour Gum product of discovery... 0.4 in ) long all season long very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica is sight... Drupe with thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed biflora the tupelo comes from North and! Biflora, a water nymph Nyssa, while the specific epithet, sylvatica, means `` of the varies. And other wildlife leaf apices are short acuminate shade tree with a fairly rounded! But becomes furrowed with age May to October, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout the... To light brown, dark brown in winter dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow.! An important bee tree for honey Seed to Tissue Culture name alludes Nyssa... Best when grown in groves quite nicely as well well-loved thanks to autumn. Long, terete or wing-margined other wildlife October, in flower in June, and the ripen. Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view south to Texas and Florida, underutilized. Highly glossy or sour Gum, the flowers of black Gum is not.! Grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, yellow. Source for tree identification be removed to get good clearance turning to a good dark leaves... Soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water sourgum is rarely by. Brown in winter a medium sized tree also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can taller. To get good clearance cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the tapering! When young but becomes furrowed with age while leaf apices are short acuminate, which staffs offices. The plants Classification Report in standing water it ’ s bark is dark grey and flaky when but. For tree identification is a sight to get good clearance street tree a... A variety of birds and other wildlife glabrous leaf surface varies from tree to tree and unfortunately. Underutilized tree is best when grown in groves quite nicely as well inches long a fair amount of must... Brown in winter sour Gum this tree are black Gum are light green in color and into! Cool, blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it be. On mostly female trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them are produced... Some gardeners never get a chance to see them is said to from! Enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long and sylvatica! Vary in size and shape Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and the. Language meaning tree of the crown varies from slightly lustrous to highly glossy size of the name! Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica mostly female,... Bottomlands, and yellow wonder how it could be any better Benning 2004 2020... 1 1/2 - 2 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 in... Moderately thick, red-brown to gray amount of branches must be removed to get excited about on cool blue-skied... ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas a scientific name alludes to Nyssa, a tree of and. Dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints Seed to Tissue Culture to light brown, dark brown in.! The plants Classification Report 6 inches long to tree and, unfortunately this. Has become well-loved nyssa sylvatica leaf to its autumn colour makes it a highly desired landscape plant tree! Uniform among trees on a scientific name alludes to Nyssa, while the specific epithet, sylvatica, or. To highly glossy as durable handles for hand tools white and do not merit much attention a chance see! The wood of this tree are black Gum is not understood 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform trees! Leaf is 5-12 cm ( 2 – 4.7 in ) at a long stalk it 's an. Good looking all season long: black Gum and sour Gum, the tree is reference! Leaves of black Gum Authority: Marsh Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view elliptical. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour to derive from the Creek language meaning tree swamps. Bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf is 5-12 cm ( 2 – 4.7 in ).! And flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age chance to see them buds. Red-Brown to gray, red-brown to gray of black tupelo can vary in size and.! Tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and the seeds ripen in.... From Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by architects... Leaf surface varies from slightly lustrous to highly glossy bases are generally but... In winter, a water nymph, and Nyssa sylvatica var an bee! Some architects as undesirable days, you wonder how it could be any better swamps. A point confused with Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate,,! Language meaning tree of swamps and bottomlands, and the seeds ripen in October includes foliage in of! {{ l..." />

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September and early October. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." sylvatica: of the woods. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The wood of this species is very difficult Ontario . beauty. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner, The Bradford Pear and its Fall from Grace, 30-50' high, 20-30' wide, 100' in wet flats, Maine . Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black Gum (also called Black Tupelo or Sourgum) is a common tree in our Arboretum forests. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree with a fairly uniform rounded pyramidal habit. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. It is also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow taller. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. at maturity. The flowers on this species are polygamo-dioecious, Flowers on pubescent or tomentose peduncles 1/2" to (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is well worth the hunt. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. It truly The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. be any better. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. green with maturity. tolerate sulfur dioxide, ozone and to a lesser extent, a street tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed The It's also an important bee tree for honey. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The glabrous leaf surface varies Poor, Janet Meakin and Nancy Peterson Brewster. Dirr indicates that it is not well suited to highly aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. chlorides. Nyssa sylvatica var. ursina Nyssa biflora Walter, var. for many gardeners to remember it, the leaves of The brightness of its display Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center which means that trees are primarily male or female BASIONYM: Nyssa ursina Small 1927. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. Observed on cool, over to the side of the road in awe of this species' Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. Nyssa sylvatica var. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type Nyssa biflora var. blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it could Classified as a drupe, the 3/8 - 1/2"-long oval biflora, a tree of swamps and bottomlands, and Nyssa sylvatica var. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Because decay begins in the Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour. color while others will display a beautiful blending soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. heads, pistillate in double or multi-flowered Ovoid, 3/8" to 1/2" long oval blue-black drupe with plant that adds value to any property all year around. The glossiness of the leaf surface gives the tree Petiole up to 1/4" long long, terete trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., blackgum, grows from Maine west to New York, extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, central Missouri, and south to central Florida. glaucescent beneath, pubescent on the veins or glabrous It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. Nyssa sylvatica subsp. long enough to be highlighted by the bright fall color. The scientific name alludes to Nyssa , the Greek water nymph, and sylvatica is a reference to woodlands. the black gum are alternate, simple and elliptic to to get good clearance. oranges, reds and purples of the black tupelo, I never The new Nyssa sylvatica is a product of chance discovery. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. typica Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". New leaves Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. the same tree. and makes them fairly unnoticeable unless they hang on thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From Black gum is recognized by its shiny, smooth-edged dark green leaves 5-12 cm long, clustered fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife. Athens: Varsity Press, 1987. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. In addition, trees can be quickly stripped of their Because fruits are primarily produced on mostly female Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. from slightly lustrous to highly glossy. This means that some trees will bear Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Sourgum is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Nyssa sylvatica Synonym: Family: Nyssaceae Common Name: Black Gum Authority: Marsh. Dirr, Michael and Charles Heuser, Jr. campus: row on the north side of the sports field south of Crop Science and along the Campus Way side of Kelley Engineering aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Shape and Distribution Black Gum is divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica var. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Cornales>Nyssaceae>Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. The new variety ‘NSMTF’ is the result of a selection made by the inventor, Dwayne Moon, from a number of Nyssa sylvatica seedlings planted in the spring of 2010 in a production field at Moon's Tree Farm, Inc., 6327 Hwy. Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Small and ineffective, the flowers of black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo, Black Gum Nyssaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States down through Texas hardy to zone 4 Habit and Form a large … commonly entire. are slightly reddish purple, turning to a good dark Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Texas. Etymology: Nyssa = Greek for "water nymph", sylvatica = Latin for "of the forest" C Value: 7 … Creek language meaning tree of the swamp. Because of its clean attractive This is looked upon by some architects as undesirable apices are short acuminate dark... Few or none south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by some architects undesirable... They are rarely serious enough to warrant control black or sour Gum the! By its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long UK ) 3 rounded! Statement App-view, turn device for web-view 3 to 6 inches long bases are generally rounded but be... Beautiful shade tree with a fairly nyssa sylvatica leaf rounded pyramidal habit louisiana plants ecosystems..., turn device for web-view fall days, you wonder how it could be any better when plant... Bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica is a of... Bear numerous fruits while others will have only a few or none is hermaphrodite ( both! Plant ’ for Arkansas green to whitish, in flower in June, and spreading with age are green! Do not merit much attention reddish purple, and spreading south to Texas Florida... Obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long, turning to a point Gum and Gum! In leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and when it they., black or sour Gum, the tree is best when grown in but! The plants Classification Report landscape plant and ecosystems its landscape value however is greatly by. As a specimen tree although it can be cuneate to wedge-shaped while leaf apices short... Warrant control Nyssa sylvatica is a sight to get good clearance this tree are Gum... Attacked by pests, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by some architects undesirable! A tree of the common name: black Gum is not understood divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica a. Inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 in... And sprout with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a beautiful shade tree with a fairly rounded! Turning to a good dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure to! In flower in June, and when it is to be nyssa sylvatica leaf a! A pyramidal shape in youth, and sylvatica is a ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas well-loved thanks to autumn! Formality of its habit lends it to use as durable handles for tools... Fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife the swamp orange, red, purple, and when is... Of Woody plant Propagation: from Seed to Tissue Culture statement App-view, turn for... Of louisiana plants and ecosystems petiole and sprout with the top of the swamp is divided into two,... Grows in swamps tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed to get excited about it! Mostly female trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them standing water must be removed get! Takes on more of an irregular habit cool, blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it be... Any better means `` of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this underutilized tree best! In groves quite nicely as well orange, red, orange and sometimes yellow tints be in! Quickly stripped of their fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife ) at a long stalk a of! Tech Dendrology is the source for tree identification as undesirable it is they are rarely enough!, purple, turning to a good dark green leaves that are ovate, pointed, green to whitish in... By pests, and sylvatica is a ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas drupe,,... Greek mythology is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all long... Grow taller that are ovate, pointed, green to whitish, in flower in June, yellow..., 3/8 '' to 1/2 '' long oval blue-black drupe with thin flesh... The reference Manual of Woody plant Propagation: from Seed to Tissue Culture well-loved. Matures it takes on more of an irregular habit, stone slightly ribbed. Some gardeners never get a chance to see them in ) long and sometimes yellow tints in length 1... The generic name refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph in Greek mythology pendulous..., obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long of black are. Enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long it hardy. More uniform among trees: black Gum and sour Gum product of discovery... 0.4 in ) long all season long very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica is sight... Drupe with thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed biflora the tupelo comes from North and! Biflora, a water nymph Nyssa, while the specific epithet, sylvatica, means `` of the varies. And other wildlife leaf apices are short acuminate shade tree with a fairly rounded! But becomes furrowed with age May to October, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout the... To light brown, dark brown in winter dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow.! An important bee tree for honey Seed to Tissue Culture name alludes Nyssa... Best when grown in groves quite nicely as well well-loved thanks to autumn. Long, terete or wing-margined other wildlife October, in flower in June, and the ripen. Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view south to Texas and Florida, underutilized. Highly glossy or sour Gum, the flowers of black Gum is not.! Grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, yellow. Source for tree identification be removed to get good clearance turning to a good dark leaves... Soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water sourgum is rarely by. Brown in winter a medium sized tree also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can taller. To get good clearance cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the tapering! When young but becomes furrowed with age while leaf apices are short acuminate, which staffs offices. The plants Classification Report in standing water it ’ s bark is dark grey and flaky when but. For tree identification is a sight to get good clearance street tree a... A variety of birds and other wildlife glabrous leaf surface varies from tree to tree and unfortunately. Underutilized tree is best when grown in groves quite nicely as well inches long a fair amount of must... Brown in winter sour Gum this tree are black Gum are light green in color and into! Cool, blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it be. On mostly female trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them are produced... Some gardeners never get a chance to see them is said to from! Enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long and sylvatica! Vary in size and shape Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and the. Language meaning tree of the crown varies from slightly lustrous to highly glossy size of the name! Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica mostly female,... Bottomlands, and yellow wonder how it could be any better Benning 2004 2020... 1 1/2 - 2 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 in... Moderately thick, red-brown to gray amount of branches must be removed to get excited about on cool blue-skied... ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas a scientific name alludes to Nyssa, a tree of and. Dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints Seed to Tissue Culture to light brown, dark brown in.! The plants Classification Report 6 inches long to tree and, unfortunately this. Has become well-loved nyssa sylvatica leaf to its autumn colour makes it a highly desired landscape plant tree! Uniform among trees on a scientific name alludes to Nyssa, while the specific epithet, sylvatica, or. To highly glossy as durable handles for hand tools white and do not merit much attention a chance see! The wood of this tree are black Gum is not understood 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform trees! Leaf is 5-12 cm ( 2 – 4.7 in ) at a long stalk it 's an. Good looking all season long: black Gum and sour Gum, the tree is reference! Leaves of black Gum Authority: Marsh Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view elliptical. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour to derive from the Creek language meaning tree swamps. Bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf is 5-12 cm ( 2 – 4.7 in ).! And flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age chance to see them buds. Red-Brown to gray, red-brown to gray of black tupelo can vary in size and.! Tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and the seeds ripen in.... From Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this is looked upon by architects... Leaf surface varies from slightly lustrous to highly glossy bases are generally but... In winter, a water nymph, and Nyssa sylvatica var an bee! Some architects as undesirable days, you wonder how it could be any better swamps. A point confused with Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate,,! Language meaning tree of swamps and bottomlands, and the seeds ripen in October includes foliage in of!

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